Artificial intelligence or AI is almost becoming part of everyday life as the adoption of digital technology and technological advancements push towards new levels. However, it is important to understand how the concept of AI was born and the role that it will play in the future.


One might think that AI is a concept that came out recently but that inference would be flawed. It turns out that the term “artificial intelligence” has been around for decades. It first emerged in 1956 during the Dartmouth Conference and this was about the same time that computers were becoming prevalent especially in university laboratories. They were used by computer scientists and mathematicians to text complex algorithms.

AI was based on the premise that computers were somewhat similar to the human brain in the sense that they can process information at impressive speeds, carry out calculations and handle various tasks. This premise was presented by Edmund Berkeley in his book Giant Brains: Or Machines That Think. He concluded in the book that machines are thus capable of thought and as a result, they have artificial intelligence.

The technology used in the present

Computers have over the years advanced so much that they are capable of solving very difficult calculations and impressive computations. This has been key towards the development of even more complex computers but the impact of AI can best be demonstrated at small scale. For example, one of the common uses of AI in this day and age is satellite navigation. Kick things a notch higher and you find AI in some more complex uses such Google translate which facilitates the translation of one language to another.

AI has also led to other complicated forms of computing such as machine learning which has opened more doors to more impressive computing abilities such as autonomous driving and digital assistants.

What is the future of AI?

In order to understand what the future has to offer, one must look at the technology that is currently available. One of the best examples, in this case, is the intelligent robot called Sophia which recently shocked the world with its ability to think almost like a human being, to hold a conversation with humans and even reading human emotions. This means that in the next few years more capable robots might show up, thus blurring the line that separates reality and fiction. However, this has also led to concerns especially on whether robots will take over the world but scientists say that robots will be created to help humans and that they will be programmed not to harm humans.

Consumer demand is also expected to be the force that will determine the direction of AI in the future. Electronics manufacturers are currently making household devices and appliances that are connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) and AI is also at the heart of such developments. This means that things such as TVs and refrigerators will be connected to the internet and they will be able to communicate and adapt to user preferences through machine learning.